What you need to know about breast cancer?
#DoYouKnow Breast cancer is the most common invasive cancer in women, and the second main cause of cancer death in women, after lung cancer? If you do not know, please take a 5 minute of read about the article below.
Research shown that advances in screening and treatment have improved survival rates dramatically since 1989. Awareness of the symptoms and the need for screening are important ways of reducing the risk.
Fast facts about breast cancer
- Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women.
- Symptoms include a lump or thickening of the breast, and changes to the skin or the nipple.
- Risk factors can be genetic, but some llifestyle factors, such as alcohol intake, make it more likely to happen.
- A range of treatments is available, including surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy.
- Many breast lumpsare not cancerous, but any woman who is concerned about a lump or change should see a doctor.
The exact cause remains unclear, but some risk factors make it more likely. Some of these are preventable.
The risk increases with age. At 20 years, the chance of developing breast cancer in the next decade is 0.6 percent. By the age of 70 years, this figure goes up to 3.84 percent.
If a close relative has or has had, breast cancer, the risk is higherWomen who carry the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes have a higher risk of developing breast cancer, ovarian cancer or both. These genes can be inherited. TP53 is another gene that is linked to a greater breast cancer risk.
3. A history of breast cancer or breast lumps
Women who have had breast cancer before are more likely to have it again, compared with those who have no history of the disease. Having some types of benign, or non-cancerous breast lumps increases the chance of developing cancer later on. Examples include atypical ductal hyperplasia or lobular carcinoma in situ.
- Body weight
Women who are overweight or have obesity after menopause may have a higher risk of developing breast cancer, possibly due to higher levels of estrogen. High sugar intake may also be a factor.
- Alcohol consumption
A higher rate of regular alcohol consumption appears to play a role. Studies have shown that women who consume more than 3 drinks a day have a 1.5 times higher risk.
Cancer is staged according to the size of the tumor and whether it has spread to lymph nodes or other parts of the body. There are different ways of staging breast cancer. One way is from stage 0 to 4, but these may be broken down into smaller stages.
Stage 0: Known as ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), the cells are limited to within a duct and have not invaded surrounding tissues.
Stage 1: At the beginning of this stage, the tumor is up to 2 centimeters (cm) across and it has not affected any lymph nodes.
Stage 2: The tumor is 2 cm across and it has started to spread to nearby nodes.
Stage 3: The tumor is up to 5 cm across and it may have spread to some lymph nodes.
Stage 4: The cancer has spread to distant organs, especially the bones, liver, brain, or lungs.
With treatment, a woman who receives a diagnosis of stage 0 or stage 1 breast cancer has an almost 100 percent chance of surviving for at least 5 years. If the diagnosis is made at stage 4, the chance of surviving another 5 years is around 22 percent. Regular checks and screening can help detect symptoms early. Women should discuss their options with a doctor.
FREE Clinical Breast Examination
#DoYouKnow National Cancer Society Malaysia (NCSM) will be setting up a kiosk to provide FREE Clinical Breast Examination (CBE) at “Pinktober Bazaar, Pinky Run” on 13th & 14th October 2018?
Everyone is invited. Sharing is caring, share to your friends & families for the important message! Pass the message on!
In conjunction with Breast Cancer Awareness Month, Beauté Library collaborating with National Cancer Society Society Malaysia (NCSM) is inviting inspiring speaker and ambassadors including breast cancer survivor to share the complication of breast cancer. On the two-day event, educational booth and kiosk will be setting up to provide a free clinical breast examination (CBE) open to publics.
#EarlyDetectionSavesLives, an event hashtag is promoted to convey the message to the Malaysian as breast cancer in its advanced stages has a much lower survival rate and a high recurrence rate due to cancer cells having become more widespread.